While the International Logistics continues its development in full swing, the fastest, most reliable and most cost-effective goods movement are the most important factors affecting competitiveness. As I mentioned in a previous article, the point where the logistics cost items have the highest ratio is the transportation of the goods. This is precisely the most preferred mode for transporting over long distances and at affordable costs; maritime transport. In general terms, Liner and Tramp we can divide the two-way shipping by now Container Transport .
When we examine a little more deeply, we can extend the history of maritime transport to the vikings, but we can rely on postal services starting in 1500 in Europe and further developments. Looking at the early times of maritime transport, the cargoes were transported by pieces or sacks in the hangars in the ships. Of course, this situation caused the unloading process to take longer than necessary. In the 1930s, Malcolm McLean tried to load and carry the loads into a vehicle instead of this method, and then because the vehicle occupied more space in the ship; first of all, we have found that we can use more loads in the trailer without loading the trailers on the trailer.
The first container transportation was made in 1956 with a 58-vessel ship. After this day, with the increase in world trade, sea transportation has been preferred due to its cost. Today, 8,000-10,000 TEU container ships are transporting in international waters.
Carriage by sea is 3.5 by rail, 7 by highway, and 22 times by air. For this reason, different types of transportation is carried out in the sea.
The first of these is Tramp Transport . This transportation, which is made between the two ports, which does not have a specific date or time, is the existence of the burden. Groundwater is a form of transport used to transport all or a large part of the ship when transporting crude oil, timber and coal. It is not easy to talk about a certain freight in Tramp Transportation since the realization of the transportation depends on the presence of the cargo. Shipowners therefore want to direct their ships to areas where it is more likely to be a load.
Another is LinerTransportation . In contrast to the transportation of the cargo, the departure and transfer ports of these types of ships, in which the service is based, is predetermined. Ships undergo these ports at predetermined dates and perform loading and unloading operations. Since this transportation is based on tariff , they will carry their goods according to this situation in advance and provide the carrier with the goods to the destination company at the time the ship arrives at the port. The best example of liner transport is container and Ro-Ro . Since container transport is a wider and more detailed subject, I will examine this in more detail in another article.